Cork tree

cork tree

What tree does Cork come from?

Cork oak, Quercus suber, the tree from which most cork is harvested. Chinese cork oak, Quercus variabilis, a tree from which cork is occasionally harvested.

What does a cork oak tree look like?

Cork oak trees ( Quercus suber) are native to the Western Mediterranean region, and are still cultivated there for their bark. These trees are slow-growing giants, eventually maturing to 70 feet (21 m.) or taller and equally wide. Woody and upright, cork oaks in the landscape have small, rounded leaves that are gray underneath.

How long do cork trees live in Portugal?

For this part of Portugal was once the capital of Cork production. These mighty oaks, which can live for 500 years, provided not only work but protection to the small communities who called these parts home. The Power of Portugal’s Cork Trees. A cork oak takes 40 years for its bark to become suitable for stripping.

Where do cork oak trees grow in the US?

Cork Oaks in the Landscape. Cork oak trees (Quercus suber) are native to the Western Mediterranean region, and are still cultivated there for their bark. These trees are slow-growing giants, eventually maturing to 70 feet (21 m.) or taller and equally wide.

Why are cork trees so important in Portugal?

The significance of cork trees in Portugal has been recognized for centuries. It makes up 23% of the countries forests, and the first laws protecting the trees date all the way back to the 13th century. A law passed in the 1970s made it a crime to cut down a cork tree, dead or alive, without explicit permission from the government.

How long do cork oak trees live?

The mighty cork oak is an impressive thing to behold. A single tree can live for over 500 years and provide sustainable livelihoods for communities around it. The spongy stuff lives on the outside and can be stripped away and sold but only every ten years, by law, and for good reason.

Where is the oldest cork tree in the world?

Portugal’s oldest and largest cork oak – The Whistler Tree. The oldest and largest cork oak in the world is located in Portugal’s Alentejo region. It was planted in 1783, the same year that the United States and Great Britain signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the Revolutionary War.

How much Cork does a cork tree produce?

A tree that is 80 years old can produce 40-60kgs of natural cork when harvested. The average cork oak tree produces one tonne of raw cork which equates to 65,000 stoppers. One particular tree in Portugal, known as the Whistler Tree because of the many singing birds attracted to it, is said to be 212 years old.

Where does cork come from? ­Just ­about every tree has an outer layer of cork bark, but the cork oak (Quercus suber) is the primary source of most cork products in the world, including wine bottle stoppers.

What is cork bark made of?

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