Papua new guinea

papua new guinea

Where is Papua New Guinea located?

At 462,840 km 2 (178,704 sq mi), Papua New Guinea is the worlds 54th largest country and the 3rd largest island country. Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasian realm, which also includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.

What is western New Guinea?

Western New Guinea, also known as Papua, is the western portion of the island of New Guinea controlled by Indonesia since 1962. Since the island is alternatively named as Papua, the region is also called West Papua ( Indonesian: Papua Barat ).

Is Papua New Guinea an independent country?

In December 2019, the autonomous region voted overwhelmingly for independence, with 97.7% voting in favor of obtaining full independence and around 1.7% voting in favor of greater autonomy. At 462,840 km 2 (178,704 sq mi), Papua New Guinea is the worlds 54th largest country and the 3rd largest island country.

Why is Papua New Guinea also called the Spice Islands?

When Portuguese and Spanish explorers arrived in the island via the Spice Islands, they also referred to the island as Papua.

Is Papua New Guinea a country?

Papua New Guinea is a megadiverse country . Many of the other islands within PNG territory, including New Britain, New Ireland, Bougainville, the Admiralty Islands, the Trobriand Islands, and the Louisiade Archipelago, were never linked to New Guinea by land bridges.

Where are the other islands of Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guineas other islands include New Ireland, New Britain, Bougainville, and Manus Island. Once controlled by Australia, Papua New Guinea is just 150 kilometers across the Torres Strait from Australia (at Cape York, the northernmost point in Australia).

What is the capital of New Guinea?

Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. It is the worlds 3rd largest island country with 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi).

What is the ecozone of Papua New Guinea?

Ecology. Papua New Guinea is part of the Australasia ecozone, which also includes Australia, New Zealand, eastern Indonesia, and several Pacific island groups, including the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu . Geologically, the island of New Guinea is a northern extension of the Indo-Australian tectonic plate,...

When did Papua New Guinea become an independent country?

It became an independent Commonwealth realm in 1975 with Elizabeth II as its queen. It also became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right. Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world. As of 2019, it is also the most rural, as only 13.25% of its people live in urban centres.

Is Papua New Guinea divided into two parts?

New Guinea is administratively divided into two parts: its western half comprises the Indonesian propinsi (or provinsi; provinces) of Papua and West Papua (collectively, formerly called Irian Jaya); and its eastern half comprises the major part of Papua New Guinea, an independent country since 1975. Owen Stanley Range.

How old is Papua New Guinea?

Papua New Guinea (PNG) was first settled between 50,000 and 60,000 years ago. PNG’s harsh geography consisting of mountains, jungles, and numerous river valleys, kept many of the arriving groups isolated, giving rise to PNG’s incredible ethnic and linguistic diversity.

How corrupt is Papua New Guinea?

Corruption is rife in Papua New Guinea (PNG). According to The Economist, PNGs governments are notorious for corruption, and ever run the risk of turning the state into a fully-fledged kleptocracy . Transparency Internationals 2016 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 142th place out of 180 countries.

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